KLEMPERER, VICTOR (1881–1960), German professor of Romance languages and literature. Klemperer was born in Landsberg (Warthe) as the ninth child in his family. He was the son of a Reform rabbi, and a cousin of the famous conductor otto klemperer and brother of the surgeon Georg Klemperer, who was a physician to Lenin. Klemperer moved to Berlin at the age of nine and studied German, French literature, and theater in Munich, Geneva, Paris, and Berlin. In 1906 he married Eva Schlemmer and converted to Protestantism. In 1913 he was awarded a Ph.D. for his dissertation on Die Zeitromane Friedrich Spielhagens und ihre Wurzeln (1913). He then specialized in French literature and wrote his professorial dissertation on Montesquieu (2 vols. 1914/15). He held his first chair of French literature and history of literature at the University of Dresden. During his tenure at the university he published various academic articles and monographs; among them his Idealistische Literaturgeschichte (1929) in which he expressed his notion of the symbiosis between language and cultural history. When the Nazis came to power in 1933 Klemperer was deprived of his academic position and isolated. Nonetheless, he continued to express his feelings as a German patriot. He survived with the help of his non-Jewish wife and fled Dresden for the last few months of the war. Klemperer returned to Dresden after the war and joined the Communist Party in 1945 but distanced himself from its ideas. Living in the former GDR, Klemperer was allowed by the party to pursue his career ambitiously. His most important book, LTI. Notizbuch eines Philologen (1947), focused on the speech and language of Nazism. The LTI stood for Lingua Tertii Imperii, the language of the Third Reich with its barrage of abbreviations and euphemisms and its exploitation of humanity. Klemperer became a significant cultural figure in East Germany, teaching at the universities of Greifswald and Halle. He even became a delegate of the Cultural Union in the GDR parliament. However, he despaired of the political situation and called the prevailing language of the Communists during the Cold War Lingua Quartii Imperii. This language in Klemperer's opinion closely resembled the LTI but he himself also used it when polemicizing against West Germany. Klemperer's desire for recognition was not satisfied. Obtaining a chair at the famous Humboldt University and the national award of the former GDR seemed not to be honorable enough. In West Germany Klemperer remained unknown until his diaries written during the Nazi persecution were published in the 1990s. They became a national bestseller and the basis of a TV series. His first diary, covering the years 1918 to 1933, was published under the title Leben sammeln, nicht fragen wozu und warum (1996). His personal notes from 1933 to 1945, Ichwill Zeugnis ablegen bis zum letzten (1995), became a means to cope with his desolate situation and were meant to be a cultural history of the time and a testimony of daily tyranny. It was followed by the publication of his diaries from June through December 1945, Und alles ist so schwankend (1996). His ambivalence between official political assimilation and his personal liberal thinking during that time can be retraced in his publication of personal notes between 1945 and 1959, So sitze ich zwischen den Stuehlen (1999). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.W. Young, "From LTI to LQI: Victor Klemperer on Totalitarian Language," in: German Studies Review, 28 (2005), 45–64; S. Landt, Faschismuskritik aus dem Geist des Nation-alismus: Victor Klemperers antifaschistische Sprachkritik (2002); S.E. Aschheim, Scholem, Arendt, Klemperer: intimate chronicles in turbulent times. (2001); K. Fischer-Hupe, Victor Klemperers "LTI. Notizbuch eines Philologen": ein Kommentar (2001). (Ann-Kristin Koch (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Victor Klemperer — Victor Klemperer. Victor von Klemperer, (9 de octubre 1881 – 11 de febrero 1960) nació en Landsberg an der Warthe, Imperio Alemán (hoy parte de Polonia) y falleció en Dresde, Alemania del Este. Fue el noveno hijo del rabino Wilhelm Klemperer …   Wikipedia Español

  • Victor Klemperer — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Klemperer. Victor Klemperer en 1949 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Victor Klemperer — Infobox Person name = Victor Klemperer image size = caption = birth date = birth date|1881|10|9|df=y birth place = Landsberg an der Warthe, Brandenburg, Prussia, Germany, today Gorzów Wielkopolski, Poland death date = death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Victor Klemperer — (1952) Victor Klemperer (* 9. Oktober 1881 in Landsberg an der Warthe; † 11. Februar 1960 in Dresden) war ein deutscher Literaturwissenschaftler und Schriftsteller. Zu seiner Bekanntheit trugen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Klemperer — ist ein Familienname jiddischen Ursprungs. Der Schriftsteller und Philologe Victor Klemperer schreibt in „LTI – Notizbuch eines Philologen“ (Kapitel XII, „Interpunktion“), dass mit „Klemperer“ ursprünglich der „Klopfer“ in der ostjüdischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Klemperer — can refer to the following:*Members of the prominent German Jewish family: **Otto Klemperer (1885 1973), German born conductor, and father of Werner Klemperer **Werner Klemperer (1920 2000), American actor, best known for playing Colonel Klink in …   Wikipedia

  • Victor (Name) — Victor oder Viktor ist ein männlicher Vorname sowie Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namenstag 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Heilige …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Victor Hugo — Victor Hugo, etwa 1875 Seine Unterschrift …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Víctor — Hugo Origen Latino Género Masculino …   Wikipedia Español

  • Victor de Sabata — Victor de Sabata, as he appeared in 1950. From booklet of CD of one of his recordings. Victor de Sabata (April 10, 1892 – December 11, 1967) was an Italian conductor and composer. He is widely recognized as one of the most distinguished operatic… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”